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ap Gruffydd, Sir Rhys b. 1508 Wales d. Dec 1531 Tower Hill, London, London, England

ap Gruffydd, Sir Rhys

Male 1508 - 1531  (23 years)


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  • Name ap Gruffydd, Rhys  [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
    Title Sir 
    Born 1508  Wales Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
    Gender Male 
    Appointments / Titles Knight 
    Died Dec 1531  Tower Hill, London, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
    Buried 4 Jan 1532  England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I25405  The Thoma Family
    Last Modified 26 Oct 2017 

    Father ap Rhys, Gruffydd,   b. 1478, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1521, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 43 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Mother St. John, Catherine,   b. 1478, Bletsoe, Bedfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 Dec 1553  (Age 75 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Married 1504  England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F9406  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Howard, Catherine,   b. 30 May 1499, Ashwellthorpe, Norfolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 May 1554, Howard Chapel, Lambeth, Surrey, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 54 years) 
    Married 1524  North Crawley, Buckinghamshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
    Children 
     1. ap Rhys, Gruffydd,   b. 1524, Newton House, Llandeilo, Carmarthenshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1588, Bures Saint Mary, Suffolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 64 years)  [natural]
    Last Modified 26 Oct 2017 
    Family ID F9280  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 1508 - Wales Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 1524 - North Crawley, Buckinghamshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - Dec 1531 - Tower Hill, London, London, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - 4 Jan 1532 - England Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos
    ap RHYS, Gruffydd.png
    ap RHYS, Gruffydd.png

    Documents
    ap GRUFFYDD, Rhys.pdf
    ap GRUFFYDD, Rhys.pdf

  • Notes 
    • Rhys ap Gruffydd (rebel)

      Rhys ap Gruffydd (1508–1531) was a powerful Welsh landowner who was accused of rebelling against King Henry VIII by plotting with James V of Scotland to become Prince of Wales . He was executed as a rebel. He married Lady Catherine Howard (b. abt 1499 Ashwellthorpe, Norfolk, England), the daughter of Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk and his second wife Agnes Tilney .

      Early life
      Rhys was the grandson of Rhys ap Thomas , the most powerful man in Wales and close ally of Henry VII . Rhys was a descendant of the medieval Welsh king Rhys ap Gruffydd (1132–1197), his namesake. His father, Gruffydd ap Rhys ap Thomas , died in 1521, leaving him his grandfather’s heir. In 1524 Rhys married Catherine Howard, daughter of Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk .[1]

      As his grandfather’s heir, Rhys expected to inherit his estates and titles. When Rhys ap Thomas died in 1525, Henry VIII gave his most important titles and powers to Walter Devereux, Lord Ferrers, leading to a feud between Rhys and Ferrers which escalated over the next few years.

      Conflict with Ferrers
      Rhys attempted to increase his status in Wales, petitioning Cardinal Thomas Wolsey to be given various posts. Potential for conflict with Ferrers increased when both men were given the right to extend their number of retainers; this led to the emergence of competing armed gangs.[2] The bad-blood between Rhys and Ferrers reached a crisis-point in June 1529 when Ferrers made a display of his status during preparations for the annual Court of Great Sessions in Carmarthen. Rhys, surrounded by forty armed men, threatened Ferrers with a knife. Rhys was arrested and imprisoned in Carmarthen Castle . Rhys’s wife Catherine escalated the situation by collecting hundreds of her supporters and attacking the castle. She later threatened Ferrers himself with an armed gang. In the conflict between the two factions several of Ferrers’s men were killed. The factions continued to cause other disruptions over the coming months, leading to deaths in street-fights and acts of piracy.

      Treason charges
      The rebellious actions of Rhys’s supporters led to Rhys’s transfer to prison in London by 1531. By this stage Henry was claiming that Rhys was attempting to overthrow his government in Wales. Rhys had added the title Fitz-Urien to his name, referring to Urien , the ancient Welsh ruler of Rheged , a person of mythical significance. Rhys’s accusers claimed that this was an attempt to assert himself as Prince of Wales. He was supposed to be plotting with James V of Scotland to overthrow Henry in fulfilment of ancient Welsh prophesies.

      Rhys was convicted of treason and was executed in December 1531. The execution caused widespread dismay and he was openly said to have been innocent.[2] Contemporary writer Ellis Gruffudd, however, argued that the arrogance of the Rhys family had caused their downfall, saying that “many men regarded his death as Divine retribution for the falsehoods of his ancestors, his grandfather, and great-grandfather, and for their oppressions and wrongs. They had many a deep curse from the poor people who were their neighbours, for depriving them of their homes, lands and riches.”[3]

      Historian Ralph Griffith asserts that “Rhys’s execution...was an act of judicial murder based on charges devised to suit the prevailing political and dynastic situation”. Since it was linked to Henry’s attempt to centralise power and break with the church of Rome, he argues that it “in retrospect made him [Rhys] one of the earliest martyrs of the English Reformation.”[2] Rhys was believed to be opposed to the Reformation and had spoken disparagingly of Anne Boleyn . He had also been friendly with Katherine of Aragon and Cardinal Wolsey, so ridding himself of Rhys helped Henry to prepare the ground for the Reformation.[4] The execution led to fears of a Welsh rebellion. One clergyman was concerned that the Welsh and Irish would join together.[2]

      Family
      With his death Rhys’ vast possessions were forfeit to the crown. His children are known by the Anglicised surname “Rice”. His son, Griffith Rice (c.1530–1584), was restored to some of the family estates by Queen Mary .[1] His daughter Agnes Rice had a celebrated affair with William Stourton, 7th Baron Stourton , and in defiance of the rights of his widow and children, she inherited much of the Stourton estates after his death. She later married Sir Edward Baynton, and had children by both William and Edward.

      Rhys’ grandson Henry Rice aka Price Rhys, born 1634 Redstone, Pembrokeshire is listed on Rootsweb along with his descendants.

      References
      [1] Dictionary of Welsh Biography, National Library of Wales
      [2] Ralph Griffith, Rhys ap Thomas and his Family, University of Wales Press, Cardiff, 1993, pp.106, 110–11.
      [3] Griffiths, p.72.
      [4] London Carmarthenshire society, A history of Carmarthenshire, Volume 1, Society by W. Lewis limited, 1935, p.263.

      Rhys ap Gruffydd (rebel) Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rhys_ap_Gruffydd_(rebel)?oldid=781907185 Contributors: Paul Barlow,
      Nlu, Ser Amantio di Nicolao, Waacstats, CommonsDelinker, Innapoy, Chrisdoyleorwell, HueSatLum, OccultZone, Murphy108, KasparBot
      and Anonymous: 1

      File:COA_Sir_Rhys_ap_Thomas.svg Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/COA_Sir_Rhys_ap_Thomas.
      svg License: CC BY-SA 3.0 Contributors: Own work Original artist: AlexD

      6.3 Content license
       Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0

  • Sources 
    1. [S789] Web: Family Search, Family Tree.

    2. [S327] Web: Find-a-Grave.

    3. [S791] Web: Ancestry.com, Family Trees.

    4. [S767] Web: Family Search, Legacy Source.

    5. [S814] Web: Family Search, Millennium File.

    6. [S792] Web: Family Search, International Genealogical Index.