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de Mowbray, Lord Duke Thomas b. 22 Mar 1367 Epworth, Lincolnshire, England d. 22 Sep 1399 Venice, Venezia, Veneto, Italy

de Mowbray, Lord Duke Thomas

Male 1367 - 1399  (32 years)


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  • Name de Mowbray, Thomas  [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
    de MOWBRAY, Thomas 1st Duke
    de MOWBRAY, Thomas 1st Duke
    Title Lord Duke 
    Born 22 Mar 1367  Epworth, Lincolnshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
    Gender Male 
    Appointments / Titles Knight of the Garter  [8
    Appointments / Titles 10 Feb 1383  [8
    6th Lord of Mowbray 
    Appointments / Titles 12 Feb 1383  [8
    1st Earl of Nottingham 
    Appointments / Titles 30 Jun 1385  [8
    Earl Marshall of England 
    Appointments / Titles Between 1389 and 1399  [8
    Warden of the East March 
    Appointments / Titles 29 Sep 1397  [8
    1st Duke of Norfolk 
    Died 22 Sep 1399  Venice, Venezia, Veneto, Italy Find all individuals with events at this location  [8
    Buried Aft 22 Sep 1399  Venice, Venezia, Veneto, Italy Find all individuals with events at this location  [8
    Person ID I25417  The Thoma Family
    Last Modified 26 Oct 2017 

    Father de Mowbray, John,   b. 3 Jul 1340, Epworth, Lincolnshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Oct 1368, Thrace, Istanbul, Istanbul, Turkey Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 28 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Mother de Segrave, Elizabeth,   b. 3 Oct 1338, Croxton Abbey, Croxton Kerrial, Leicestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 Apr 1368, Epworth, Lincolnshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 29 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Married 25 Mar 1349  Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2, 3, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17
    Family ID F9290  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 FitzAlan, Elizabeth,   b. 8 Jul 1366, Arundel Castle, Arundel, Sussex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Jul 1425, Wighill, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 59 years) 
    Married 1384  Arundel Castle, Arundel, Sussex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
    Children 
     1. de Mowbray, Margaret,   b. 1388, Epworth, Lincolnshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 27 Oct 1459, Stoke By Nayland, Suffolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 71 years)  [natural]
    Last Modified 26 Oct 2017 
    Family ID F9287  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Le Strange, Elizabeth,   b. 22 Dec 1373, Chawton, Hampshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 14 Sep 1383, Chawton, Hampshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 9 years) 
    Married Aft 20 Feb 1383  England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
    Last Modified 26 Oct 2017 
    Family ID F9291  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 22 Mar 1367 - Epworth, Lincolnshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - Aft 20 Feb 1383 - England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 1384 - Arundel Castle, Arundel, Sussex, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 22 Sep 1399 - Venice, Venezia, Veneto, Italy Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - Aft 22 Sep 1399 - Venice, Venezia, Veneto, Italy Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos
    de MOWBRAY, Thomas.png
    de MOWBRAY, Thomas.png

    Documents
    de MOWBRAY, Thomas 1st Duke
    de MOWBRAY, Thomas 1st Duke

  • Notes 
    • Thomas de Mowbray , 1st Duke of Norfolk

      Spouse(s) Elizabeth le Strange
      Elizabeth Arundel
      Issue Thomas de Mowbray, 4th Earl of Norfolk
      John de Mowbray, 2nd Duke of Norfolk
      Elizabeth Mowbray
      Isabel Mowbray
      Margaret Mowbray
      Father John de Mowbray, 4th Baron Mowbray
      Mother Elizabeth de Segrave
      Born 22 March 1367 or 1368
      Died 22 September 1399 (aged 31 or 32)vVenice, Republic of Venice
      Buried Venice, Italy

      Thomas de Mowbray, 1st Duke of Norfolk
      From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
      Thomas de Mowbray, 1st Duke of Norfolk, KG, Earl Marshal (22 March 1367 or 1368 – 22 September 1399) was an English peer. As a result of his involvement in the power struggles which led up to the fall of Richard II, he was banished and died in exile in Venice.

      Origins
      Mowbray was the second son of John de Mowbray, 4th Baron Mowbray, and Elizabeth de Segrave, suo jure Lady Segrave, daughter and heiress of John de Segrave, 4th Baron Segrave, by Margaret, daughter and heiress of Thomas of Brotherton, son of Edward I.[1] He had an elder brother, John de Mowbray, 1st Earl of Nottingham, and three sisters, Eleanor, Margaret and Joan (for details concerning his siblings see the article on his father, John de Mowbray, 4th Baron Mowbray).

      Career
      In April 1372, custody of both Thomas and his elder brother, John, was granted to Blanche Wake, a sister of their grandmother, Joan of Lancaster.[2] On 10 February 1383, he succeeded his elder brother, John Mowbray, 1st Earl of Nottingham, as Baron Mowbray and Segrave, and was created Earl of Nottingham on 12 February 1383.[3] On 30 June 1385 he was created Earl Marshal for life, and on 12 January 1386 he was granted the office in tail male.[4][a] He fought against the Scots and then against the French. He was appointed Warden of the East March towards Scotland in 1389, a position he held until his death.

      He was one of the Lords Appellant to King Richard II who deposed some of the King's court favourites in 1387. He worked his way back into the king's good graces, however, and was likely instrumental in the murder, in 1397, of the king's uncle (and senior Lord Appellant), Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester, who was imprisoned at Calais, where Nottingham was Captain. In gratitude, on 29 September 1397, the king created him Duke of Norfolk.[4][3]

      In 1398, Norfolk quarreled with Henry of Bolingbroke, 1st Duke of Hereford (later King Henry IV), apparently due to mutual suspicions stemming from their roles in the conspiracy against the Duke of Gloucester. Before a duel between them could take place, Richard II banished them both. Mowbray left England on 19 October 1398.[6] While in exile, he succeeded as Earl of Norfolk when his grandmother, Margaret, Duchess of Norfolk, died on 24 March 1399.[6] He died of the plague at Venice on 22 September 1399.[3] Bolingbroke returned to England in 1399 and usurped the crown on 30 September 1399; shortly afterward, on 6 October 1399, the creation of Mowbray as Duke of Norfolk was annulled by Parliament, although Mowbray's heir retained his other titles.[6][3]

      Arms of Mowbray
      The traditional, and historic arms for the Mowbray family are "Gules, a lion rampant argent". Although it is certain that these arms are differenced by various devices, this primary blazon applies to all the family arms, including their peerages at Norfolk. They are never indicated to bear the arms of Thomas Brotherton, nor any other English Royal Arms.

      Sir Bernard Burkes, C.B., LL.D.,Ulster King of Arms, in his book 'A General Armory of England, Scotland, Wales, and Ireland', 1884, page 713, provides the following detailed listing of the Mowbray/Norfolk arms: "Mowbray (Duke of Norfolk, Earl of Nottingham, Earl of Warren and Surrey, Earl Marshal of England, and Baron Mowbray: dukedom and earldoms extinct 1475, when the barony fell into abeyance. The Mowbrays descended from Roger de Mowbray, son of Nigel d'Albini, who, possessing the lands of Mowbray [Montbray], assumed that surname by command of Henry I., his descendant, Roger de Mowbray, was summoned to Parliament 1295, the fifth baron was created Earl of Nottingham, 1377, d.s.p., his brother, the sixth Baron, was re-created Earl of Nottingham, 1383, constituted Earl Marshal, and created Duke of Norfolk, 139G, the fourth duke was created Earl of Warren and Surrey, vita patris, and d. without surviving issue, when all his honours became extinct except the barony, which fell into abeyance among the descendants of the daus. of the first Duke, of whom Lady Isabel is represented by the Earl of Berkeley, and Lady Margaret by the Lords Stourton and Pttre, as heirs general, and by the Duke of Norfolk, as heir male). Gu. a lion ramp. ar.

      Crest—A leopard or, ducally gorged ar.; granted by patent to the first duke, 17 Richard II. [1377 – 1399], which acknowledges his right to bear for his crest " a golden leopard with a white label," the crest of his maternal ancestor, Thomas Plantagenet, of Brotherton, Earl of Norfolk, and grants the coronet instead of the label, which would of right belong to the King's son.

      Marriages and issue
      He married firstly, after 20 February 1383, Elizabeth le Strange (c. 6 December 1373 – 23 August 1383), suo jure Lady Strange of Blackmere, daughter and heiress of John le Strange, 5th Baron Strange of Blackmere, by Isabel Beauchamp, daughter of Thomas Beauchamp, 11th Earl of Warwick, by whom he had no issue.[3]

      He married secondly Elizabeth Arundel (c.1372 – 8 July 1425), widow of Sir William Montagu, and daughter of Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel, by Elizabeth Bohun, daughter of William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton, by whom he had two sons and three daughters:[3]

      Thomas de Mowbray, 4th Earl of Norfolk.[7]
      John de Mowbray, 2nd Duke of Norfolk.[7]
      Elizabeth Mowbray, who married Michael de la Pole, 3rd Earl of Suffolk.[7]
      Margaret Mowbray, who married firstly Sir Robert Howard, by whom she was the mother of John Howard, 1st Duke of Norfolk, and secondly Sir John Grey of Ruthin, Derbyshire.[7]
      Isabel Mowbray; married firstly Sir Henry Ferrers, son of 5th Baron Ferrers of Groby, and secondly James Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley.[7]

      Shakespeare
      Mowbray's quarrel with Bolingbroke and subsequent banishment are depicted in the opening scene of Shakespeare's Richard II.[8] Thomas Mowbray (as he is called in the play) prophetically replies to King Richard's "Lions make leopards tame" with the retort, "Yea, but not change his spots." Mowbray's death in exile is announced later in the play by the Bishop of Carlisle.

      Notes
      a. Cockayne gives the year 1385 as when he was created Earl Marshal. Round, howev,e prrovides that he was granted the office of Marshal of England in 1385 but only formally received the title of Earl Marshal i1n386. [5]

      Citations
      1. Richardson III 2011, pp. 206-7.
      2. Cokayne 1936, p. 780.
      3. Richardson III 2011, p. 208.
      4. Cokayne 1936, p. 385.
      5. Round 1899, pp. 314-315.
      6. Cokayne 1936, p. 603.
      7. Richardson III 2011, p. 2010.
      8. McConnell, Louise (2000).D ictionary of Shakespeare, p. 194. Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn PublishersI. SBN 1-57958-215-X.

      References
      Cokayne, George Edward (1936). The Complete Peerage, edited by H.A. Doubleday and Lord Howard de Walden. IX. London: St. Catherine Press.

      Richardson, Douglas (2011). Everingham, Kimball G., ed. Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families. II (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. ISBN 1449966381.

      Richardson, Douglas (2011). Everingham, Kimball G., ed. Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families. III (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. ISBN 144996639X.

      Richardson, Douglas (2011). Everingham, Kimball G., ed. Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families. IV (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. ISBN 1460992709.

      Round, J.H. (1899). Commune of London and Other Studies.

      Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Thomas_de_Mowbray,_1st_Duke_of_Norfolk&oldid=785851946"
      Categories: 1360s births 1399 deaths Earls Marshal Dukes of Norfolk Earls of Norfolk (1312)
      Earls of Nottingham Barons Mowbray Barons Segrave Knights of the Garter
      14th-century deaths from plague (disease) 14th-century English people Male Shakespearean characters
      This page was last edited on 15 June 2017, at 19:38.
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      He was the first Duke of Norfolk, Earl Of Nottingham, Earl Marshal. A close relative of Richard II. Thomas fell foul of the king and was banished for life in 1398, dying in Venice in 1399,aged 33. He had married Elizabeth Fitzaian, daughter of Richard Fitzalan, Earl of Arundel. Thomas appears in Shakespeare's "King Richard II"

      Find A Grave Memorial# 131795154. Taken from Findagrave website created by Kat: "Sir John was the elder son of John de Mowbray, 4th Baron Mowbray, and Elizabeth Segrave.
      He had a younger brother, Thomas de Mowbray, 1st Duke of Norfolk, and three sisters, Eleanor, Margaret and Joan.
      After the deaths of his parents he became Baron Segrave and Baron Mowbray.
      John and his brother Thomas was granted to their great aunt Blanche Wake, a sister of their grandmother, Joan of Lancaster.
      He was knighted on April 23, 1377 with the future Richard II and the future Henry IV when the two noblemen were made Knights of the Bath.
      John was created Earl of Nottingham, on July 16 1377, when Richard II was crowned. As joint tenants of the estates of William Beauchamp of Bedford, he and William Latimer, 4th Baron Latimer successfully claimed the right to serve as Almoner at the coronation.
      John died before February 12, 1383, aged seventeen and unmarried, and was buried at the Whitefriars in Fleet Street, London. The earldom of Nottingham became extinct at his death. He was succeeded in the barony of Mowbray by his younger brother, Thomas de Mowbray, 1st Duke of Norfolk, who became Earl of Nottingham on January 12, 1386 by a new creation of the earldom."

      m. (ante 1368) Sir John Welles, 5th Baron Welles (p. John Welles and Maud Roos). Issue:
      * Eudes (or Ives) married Maud Greystoke
      * Eleanor m.1 Sir Hugh Poynings; m.2 Sir Godfrey Hilton

  • Sources 
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    8. [S788] Web: Wikipedia.

    9. [S549] Country Records: ENG - Births and Christenings, 1538 - 1975.

    10. [S828] Web: The Peerage.

    11. [S842] Books: Genealogical and Heraldic Guide to the Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage.

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    13. [S774] Web: wikiTree.

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    15. [S864] Books: The Royal Descents of 600 Immigrants by Gary Roberts.

    16. [S867] Books: Some Colonial and Revolutionary Families of North Carolina.

    17. [S1051] Broderbund World Family Tree Vol. 09, Ed. 1.