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Normandy, William of I b. 893 Bayeux, Calvados, Basse-Normandie, France d. 17 Dec 942 Picquigny, Somme, Picardie, France

Normandy, William of I

Male 893 - 942  (49 years)


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  • Name Normandy, William of  [1
    of NORMANDY, William I.pdf
    of NORMANDY, William I.pdf
    Suffix
    Born 893  Bayeux, Calvados, Basse-Normandie, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Occupation Peerage of Normandy 
    Buried Dec 942  Picquigny, Somme, Picardie, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Died 17 Dec 942  Picquigny, Somme, Picardie, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Person ID I25714  The Thoma Family
    Last Modified 26 Oct 2017 

    Father son of Rognvald, Rollo,   b. Between 5 Jan 846 and 4 Jan 847, Myr, Nord-Trondelag, Norway Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 931  (Age ~ 84 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Mother of Bayeux, Poppa 
    Relationship natural 
    Married 886  France Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
    Family ID F9454  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Sprota,   d. 985 
    Children 
     1. of Normandy, Richard I,   b. 28 Aug 933, Fécamp, Seine-Maritime, Haute-Normandie, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Nov 996, Fécamp, Seine-Maritime, Haute-Normandie, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 63 years)  [natural]
    Last Modified 26 Oct 2017 
    Family ID F9453  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 893 - Bayeux, Calvados, Basse-Normandie, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - Dec 942 - Picquigny, Somme, Picardie, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 17 Dec 942 - Picquigny, Somme, Picardie, France Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos
    William Longsword
    William Longsword

    Documents
    of NORMANDY, William I.pdf
    of NORMANDY, William I.pdf

  • Notes 
    • William I Longsword
      From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
      William I "Longsword"
      William longsword statue in falaise.JPG
      Statue of William Longsword, part of the "Six Dukes of Normandy" series in Falaise
      Count of Rouen
      Reign 927–942
      Predecessor Rollo
      Successor Richard I
      Born c. 893
      Bayeux or Rouen
      Died 17 December 942
      Picquigny on the Somme
      Burial Rouen Cathedral
      Spouse Luitgarde of Vermandois
      Issue Richard I of Normandy
      House House of Normandy
      Father Rollo
      Mother Poppa
      William Longsword (French: Guillaume Longue-Épée, Latin: Willermus Longa Spata, Old Norse: Vilhjálmr Langaspjót), (c. 893 – 17 December 942) was the second ruler of Normandy, from 927 until his assassination in 942.

      He is sometimes anachronistically dubbed "Duke of Normandy", even though the title duke (dux) did not come into common usage until the 11th century. Longsword was known at the time by the title Count (Latin comes) of Rouen. Flodoard—always detailed about titles—consistently referred to both Rollo and his son William as principes (chieftains) of the Norse.

      Contents

      [hide]
      1 Birth
      2 Life
      3 Family
      4 Notes
      5 References
      6 External links
      Birth

      William Longsword was born "overseas"[a] to the Viking Rollo (while he was still a pagan) and his Christian wife Poppa of Bayeux. Dudo of Saint-Quentin in his panegyric of the Norman dukes describes Poppa as the daughter of a Count Beranger, the dominant prince of that region. In the 11th century Annales Rouennaises (Annals of Rouen), she is called the daughter of Guy, Count of Senlis, otherwise unknown to history.[b] Despite the uncertainty of her parentage she was undoubtedly a member of the Frankish aristocracy. According to the Longsword's planctus, he was baptized a Christian probably at the same time as his father, which Orderic Vitalis stated was in 912, by Franco, Archbishop of Rouen.

      Life

      Longsword succeeded Rollo (who would continue to live for about another 5 years) in 927 and, early in his reign, faced a rebellion from Normans who felt he had become too Gallicised and too soft.[16] According to Orderic Vitalis, the leader was Riouf of Evreux,[16][17][18] who was besieging Longsword in Rouen. Sallying forth, Longsword won a decisive battle, proving his authority to be Duke.[19]:25-6 At the time of this 933 rebellion Longsword sent his pregnant wife by custom, Sprota, to Fécamp where their son Richard was born.[20]

      In 933 Longsword recognized Raoul as King of Western Francia, who was struggling to assert his authority in Northern France. In turn Raoul gave him lordship over much of the lands of the Bretons including Avranches, the Cotentin Peninsula and the Channel Islands.[21][22][23]:lii The Bretons did not agree to these changes and resistance to the Normans was led by Alan Wrybeard, Duke of Brittany and Count Berenger of Rennes but ended shortly with great slaughter and Breton castles being razed to the ground.[19]:24 Alan fleeing to England and Beranger seeking reconciliation.[24]

      In 935, Longsword married Luitgarde, daughter of Count Herbert II of Vermandois whose dowry gave him the lands of Longueville, Coudres and Illiers l'Eveque.[18] Longsword also contracted a marriage between his sister Adela (Gerloc was her Norse name) and William, Count of Poitou with the approval of Hugh the Great.[25] In addition to supporting King Raoul, he was now a loyal ally of his father-in-law, Herbert II, both of whom his father Rollo had opposed.[26] In January 936 King Raoul died and the 16 year old Louis IV, who was living in exile in England, was persuaded by a promise of loyalty by Longsword, to return and became King. The Bretons returned to recover the lands taken by the Normans, resulting in fighting in the expanded Norman lands.[23]:lii

      The funerary monument of William Longsword in the cathedral of Rouen, France. The monument is from the 14th century.
      The new King was not capable of controlling his Barons and after Longsword's brother in law, Herluin II, Count of Montreuil, was attacked by Flanders, Longsword went to their assistance in 939,[19]:28-9 Arnulf I, Count of Flanders retaliated by attacking Normandy. Arnulf captured the castle of Montreuil-sur-Mer expelling Herluin. Herluin and Longsword cooperated to retake the castle.[27][28] Longsword was excommunicated for his actions in attacking and destroying several estates belonging to Arnulf.[29]

      Longsword pledged his loyalty to King Louis IV when they met in 940 and, in return, he was confirmed in lands that had been given to his father, Rollo.[30] [23]:liii In 941 a peace treaty was signed between the Bretons and Normans, brokered in Rouen by King Louis IV which limited the Norman expansion into Breton lands.[23]:liii The following year, on 17 December 942 at Picquigny on an island on the Somme, Longsword was ambushed and killed by followers of Arnulf while at a peace conference to settle their differences.[18][28] Longsword's son, Richard becoming the next Duke of Normandy.

      Family

      Longsword had no children with his wife Luitgarde.[31] He fathered his son, Richard the Fearless, with Sprota [c] who was a Breton captive and his concubine.[32] Richard, then aged 10, succeeded him as Duke of Normandy in December 942.[31]

      Notes

      Neveux and other authorities believe this may have been in England, as Rollo left Neustria for several years, probably for England. See: Neveux, P. 62; Complainte sur l'assassinat de Guillaume Longue-Ėpée, duc de Normandie, poème inédit du Xe siècle, Gaston Paris; Jules Lair, Bibliothèque de l'école des chartes (1870), Volume 31, Issue 31, p. 397; Complainte de la mort de Guillaume Longue Ėpėe; and Prentout, Etude critique sur Dudon de Saint-Quentin, 178-9 [ns].
      See Commentary: The origin of Poppa at: Stewart Baldwin, The Henry Project: "Poppa" for more detailed discussion and opinions.
      Sprota married Esperling, a rich miller in the Pont-de-l’Arche-Louviers region. By her, he had a son, Count Rodulf of Ivry, who was one of the most trusted advisers of his half-brother, Richard I of Normandy. See Searle, p. 108 and The Normans in Europe, p. 57

  • Sources 
    1. [S788] Web: Wikipedia.

    2. [S789] Web: Family Search, Family Tree.

    3. [S327] Web: Find-a-Grave.

    4. [S833] Books: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1760.

    5. [S846] Books: Encyclopedia Britannica.

    6. [S863] Books: Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, Douglas Richardson.

    7. [S879] Books: Heimskringla, or The Chronicle of the Kings of Norway, by Snorri Sturlason (c.1179-1241).

    8. [S604] Web: Family Search.

    9. [S767] Web: Family Search, Legacy Source.

    10. [S106] Web: Ancestry.com.